History (Topics) -2

Important Newspapers and Journals of Freedom Struggle Era

Important Newspapers and Journals of Freedom Struggle Era     Newspaper/Journal Founder/Editor Al-Hilal Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Al-Balagh Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Amrita Bazar Patrika Sisir Ghosh and Moti Lal Ghosh Bomba Read More

Nanda Dynasty (344-321 B.C.)

Important facts on Nanda Dynasty and its ruler - Mahapadmananda Nanda Dynasty (344-321 B.C.) 1. Mahapadmananda was the first ruler of Nanda dynasty. 2. Mahapadmananda established the Nanda dynasty into a powerful empire. 3. According to the Puranas, Mahapadmananda was the son of Nandivardhana & a shudra woman. Thus, the Nandas were the first N Read More

The Chola Empire

The Chola Empire The Imperial Chola Dynasty Empire After Sangam, the Chola became feaudatories of Uraiyur . These later Cholas are termed as “Imperial Cholas” because they excercised ocntrol over Sri Lanka and Malay Peninsula. thousands of inscriptions in temples tell about their administration, society, economy and culture Muttaraiyar family in Kaveri delta, were subordinate to the Pallava kings of Kanchipuram. Vijayal Read More

Anglo Mysore Wars

Anglo Mysore Wars The Conquest of Mysore: British expansion of Power in Mysore Haider Ali started his career as a soldier in the Mysore state, where he later became the Faujdar of Dindigul. With the help of the French he was able to establish a modern arsenal in Dindigul. And in 1761, Haider Ali overthrew the Nanjaraja, the prime minister of Wodeyar kingdom under King Krishnaraja I. He kept recognizing the king as lawful ruler. For Read More

Greatest Founders of Movements and Oragnisations in Indian History

Greatest Founders of Movements and Oragnisations in Indian History   Movement/Organisation Founder Abhinav Bharat Vir Savarkar Aligarh movement Sir Syed Ahmed Khan Amnesty International Peter Benenson Arya Samaj Dayanand Saraswati Bahiskrit Hitkarni Sabha Dr BR Ambedka Read More

Cities and Founders in India

Cities and Founders in India   1. Who is the founder of Agra? Answer: Sikander Lodi   2. The founder of Vijayanagar: Answer: Harihara I   3. Who founded the city of Siri? Answer: Alauddin Khilji   4. The city of Daulatabad was founded by: Answer: Muhammad Bin Tughlaq   5. Dinpanah was founded by: Answer: Humayun   6. The city of Allahabad was foun Read More

Vijayanagar Empire

Vijayanagar Empire The Vijayanagar Empire was established by Harihar and Bukka in 1336 AD. The Vijayanagar period is divided into four different dynasties- Sangama, Saluva, Tuluva and Aravidu. It extended from Krishna river to extreme south. There were many foreign travelers who visited the Vijayanagar empire and left much valuable accounts, there ere – Ibn Batuta(Moroccan), Nicolo de Conti(Venetian), Abdur Razzak(Persian), a Read More

Maratha Empire

Maratha Empire  The Marathas rose to power under Shivaji. He was born at Shivner Fort in 1627. His father was Shahji Bhonsle and mother was Jijabai. He inherited the Jagir of Poona from his father. He conquered many forts like, Kondana, Chakan, Toran, Purandhar, Rajgarh, Supa and Panhala. The Bijapur Sultan sent Afzal Khan against Shivaji, but  he was murdered by Shivaji in 1659. Shaista Khan, was sent by Aurangzeb against Sh Read More

East India Company Rule in India

East India Company Rule in India The British East India Company, which is also referred to as “John Company”, was formed as a Joint- Stock Company that was established as The Company of Merchants of London Trading into the East Indies, in 1600. That was the time when other trading companies, that were established by the Portuguese, Dutch, French, and Danish were active in the region. British Company began functioning in Ind Read More

Important National Activities

Important National Activities The Indian National Congress:  Formed in 1885 by A.O.Hume, an Englishman and a retired civil servant. First session in Bombay under W.C.Banerjee in 1885 (72 delegates attended it). In the first two decades (1885 – 1905), quite moderate in its approach and confided in British justice and generosity. But the repressive measures of the British gave rise to extremists within Congress lik Read More

Khilji Dynasty (1290 -1320)

Khilji Dynasty (1290 -1320) • Khilji dynasty was founded by Malik Firoz in 1290 and assumed the title Jalaluddin Khilji(1290- 96) • In 1292 the Mongols under Abdulla accepted defeat from Jalaluddin Khilji. • Alauddin Khilji, the nephew of Jalaluddin Khilji, killed him after his victory on Devagiri in 1296. • Alauddin Khilji’s early name was Ali Gurushap. • He became the Sulthan in 1296 AD and Read More

Slave Dynasty (1260 - 1290)

Slave Dynasty (1206 – 1290) • Slave Dynasty was also called Ilbari Dynasty, Yamini Dynasty or Mamluk Dynasty. • Qutub-ud-din Aibak was a slave of Muhammed Ghori and he founded the Slave Dynasty in 1206 AD. • Aibak was the first Muslim ruler of India. • The capital of Qutub-ud-din Aibak was at Lahore • He was known as ‘Lakh Baksh’ or ‘giver of lakhs’ or ‘giver of f Read More

Historically Important Places

Historically Important Places • Ayodhya- Birth place of Sri Rama (UP) • Amber Palace- Rajasthan • Aghakhan Palace- Pune (Maharashtra) (Gandhi and Kasturba were kept in prison here) • Kedarnath- Holy place of Hindus (Utharanchal) • Amarnath- Pilgrim centre (Kashmir) • Elephanta caves- Near Mumbai • Ellora Caves- Maharashtra – 34 cavetemples (Hindu, Buddha – Jaina) &b Read More

Shershah Suri

Shershah Suri  • Shershah’s original name was Farid. • He was born in Hissar Firosa. • His father was Hassan Khan • His family came to India from Afghanistan. • He entered the service of Baharkhan Lohani of Behar from whom received the title of Sherkhan, for killing a lion single handed. • Later he became a member of the Mughal court of Babur. • In 1539 by the battle of Read More

Eminent Personalities of Ancient India

Eminent Personalities of Ancient India  • Alexander : he was the ruler of Macedonia in Greece. He attacked India in 326 BC and captured upto river Bias. • Ajatasatru : Son of Bimbisara. He established the city of Pataliputra. • Arien : Greek historian who wrote about Alexander’s Indian invasion. • Ashwaghosh : Buddhist monk who initiated Kaniskha to Buddhism wrote Buddha charita, Sutralankar and S Read More

Indus Valley civilization

Indus Valley civilization  • John Marshall was the first scholar to use the term, ‘Indus Civilization’. • The Indus Valley Civilization was an ancient civilization thriving along the Indus River and the Ghaggar-Hakra River which is presently known as Pakistan and north-western India. • According to radio-carbon dating, it spread from the year 2500 – 1750 BC. • The most characteristic f Read More

Tughlaq Dynasty (1320 – 1412)

Tughlaq Dynasty (1320 – 1412) • Tughlaq Dynasty was founded by Ghiazuddin Tughlaq. His real name was Ghazi Malik. • Ghiasuddin Tughlaq founded the dynasty after killing Khuzru Khan in 1320. Ghiazuddin died by the collapse of a pavilion. • He built the Tughlaqabad Fort in Delhi the third city of Delhi to the east of Qutub complex. • Ghiassudhin Tughlaq was the first Sulthan to start irrigation works. Read More

Indian Dynasties

Indian Dynasties DYNASTY   PERIOD   FOUNDER           Haryanka Dynasty (Magadha)   648BC - 413BC   Bimbisara           Nanda Read More

Important Battles

IMPORTANT BATTLES : Battle   Year   Fought Between           Battle of Hydapeas   326 BC   Alexander defeated Porus           Read More

Social & Cultural Uprisings

BRAHMO SAMAJ : In 1828 founded by Raja Ram Mohan Roy Other important leaders were Devendranath Tagore (Father of Rabindranath Tagore) and Keshab Chandra Sen Criticized Sati Pratha, Casteism and advocated widow remarriage He opposed to Sanskrit system of education, because he thought it would keep the country in darkness   ARYA SAMAJ : Founded by Swami Dayanand (or Moolashankar) in 1875 His Read More

Important Battles of Medieval India

Important Battles of Medieval India (History)   BATTLES RESULTS     1st Battle of Waihind (1001-02) Mahumad Ghazni defeated Jayapala     II Battle of Waihind (1008 AD) Mahumad Ghazni defeated the Hindi  Confederacy under Anandpala   &nbs Read More

Revolutionary Organisation Outside India

Revolutionary Organisation Outisde India YEAR   ASSOCIATION / ORGANISATION   FOUNDER   COUNTRY               1904   Indian House   Shyamaji Krishna Verma   Read More

Foreign Travellers

Foreign Travellers During The Medieval Period PERIOD AD   TRAVELLER   DURING THE REIGN OF           1288 - 1292   Marco Polo   Pandayas         &nb Read More

Dynasties of India

Dynasties of India DYNASTY (REGION)   FOUNDER   PERIOD           Haryanka Dynasty (Magadha)   Bimbisara   684BC - 413BC           Read More

Peasant Movements

Peasant Movements MOVEMENT   PLACE   YEAR   LEADERS               Indigo Revolt   Bengal   1859   Bishnu and Digambar Biswas &n Read More




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