HISTORY TOPICS

Dynasties of India

Dynasties of India   Dynasty (Region) Founder Period Haryanka Dynasty (Magadha) - Bimbisara 684 BC – 413 BC Nanda Dynasty (Magadha) - Mahapadmananda 345 BC – 321 BC Mauryan Dynasty (Magadha) - Read More


Important facts on Alexander invasion in India

Important facts on Alexander invasion in India   1. Alexander was born in 356 B.C. 2. Alexander was the king of Macedonia in Greece. 3. After conquering Syria, Egypt and Persia, Alexander moved towards Kabul, from there he marched towards India through the Khyber Pass in 326 B.C. 4. Ambhi, the prince of Taxila surrendered to Alexander without fight. 5. Kingdom of Porus lay between the Jhelum and the Che Read More


Books of Freedom Struggle Era

Books of Freedom Struggle Era   Books of Freedom Struggle Era Author A Gift of Monotheists Ram Mohan Roy A Nation in the Making S. N. Banerjee Anand Math   Bankim Chandra Chatterjee Causes of the Indian Mutiny Sir Syyed Ahmed Khan Read More


Shishunaga Dynasty (412-344 B.C.)

Shishunaga Dynasty (412-344 B.C.)   1. After Haryanka dynasty Magadha was ruled by Shishunaga dynasty. 2. Shishunaga was the founder of Shishuhaga dynasty. 3. He was the minister or amatya of the last Haryanka dynasty ruler Nagdashak. 4. He killed Nagdashak and established the Shishunaga dynasty in 412 B.C. Read More


Famous Social Reformers of India / World

Famous Social Reformers of India / World   Social Reformer Important Contributions Raja Ram Mohan Roy Founder of Brahmo Samaj Raja Ram Mohan Roy was an Indian religious, social, and educational reformer, and humanitarian. He challenged the traditional Hindu culture in the early 1800's. He founded the Brahmo Samaj and campaign against 'Sati& Read More


B. R. Ambedkar : Important Facts

B. R. Ambedkar : Important Facts   B. R. Ambedkar : Important Facts ● The First Round Table Conference was convened in London on November 12, 1930 and B.R. Ambedkar and Rao Bahadur Srinivasan represented the Depressed Classes. ● Ambedkar formed the Independent Labour Party (ILP) in August, 1936, which participated in the provincial elections of Bombay and won 13 seats out of 15 seats reserved for scheduled castes. Read More


Important facts on Harsha Vardhana and Hieun Tsang

Important facts on Harsha Vardhana, Banabhatta and Hieun Tsang   Harsha Vardhana (606-647 A.D.) 1. Harsha Vardhana belong to the Pushyabhuti family. 2. He was the son of Prabhakar Vardhana who founded the Vardhana dynasty. 3. Harsha Vardhana ascended the throne in 606 A.D. 4. Kingdom of Harsha Vardhana extends from Punjab, West Bengal, Orissa and from Himalayas to the Read More


Important Monuments and Founders

Important Monuments and Founders 1. Konark Temple was built by ………. Answer: Narasimha I   2. Ibadatkhana or Hall of Prayers was constructed by: Answer: Akbar   3. Kailashnath Temple at Kanchi was constructed by: Answer: Narasimhavarman II   4. Kailashnath Temple at Ellora was built by: Answer: Krishna I   5. Dasavatar cave at Ellora was built by: A Read More


INDIAN NATIONAL MOVEMENTS :- IMPORTANT YEARS

INDIAN NATIONAL MOVEMENTS :- IMPORTANT YEARS • Government of India Act 1858   • Indian National Congress (1885)   • Partition of Bengal (1905)   • Swadeshi Movement (1905)   • Muslim League (1906)   • Morley-Minto Reforms (1909)   • Lucknow Pact (1916)   • Home Rule Movement (1915-­1916)   &bul Read More


Delhi Sultanate

Delhi Sultanate There were Muslim invasions into India resulted in the established from AD 1206 to 1526. There were five dynasties in the Delhi Sultanate, The Slave dynasty, Khalji, Tuglaq, Sayyids and Lodis.   Slave dynasty of Delhi Sultanate(1206-90): The Slave dynasty was also known as Mamluk dynasty. They were turkish in origin. Qutub-ud-din-Aibak established the slave dynasty. He was a slave of Mohammad Ghori. Other i Read More


BRITISH VICEROYS IN INDIA

BRITISH VICEROYS IN INDIA   1) Lord Canning History (1856 – 1862) : The last Governor General and the first Viceroy. Mutiny took place in his time. On November, 1858, the rule passed on to the crown. Withdrew Doctrine of Lapse. The Universities of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras were established in 1857. Indian Councils Act was passed in 1861.   2) Lord Elgin (1862 – 186 Read More


Newspaper & Journals

Newspaper & Jounals NEWSPAPER/JOURNALS FOUNDER/EDITOR     Al-Hilal Maulana Abul Kalam Azad     Al-Balagh Maulana Abul Kalam Azad     Amrita Bazar patrika Sisir Ghosh and Moti Lal Nehru   Read More


Important Books

IMPORTANT BOOKS OF FREEDOM STRUGGLE ERA BOOK AUTHOR     Causes of the Indian Mutiny Sir Syyed Ahmed Khan     Pakhtoon Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan     Problems of the East Lord Curzon     Read More


Governor General of India

GOVERNOR GENERAL OF INDIA   NAME   PERIOD   IMPORTANT EVENTS Lord William Bentick   1828-1834   Most liberal and enlightened Governor General of India Regarded a the Father of Modern Western Education in India Abolished sati and other cruel rites (1829) Supp Read More


Governor General and Viceroys

GOVERNOR GENERAL OF BENGAL NAME PERIOD IMPORTANT EVENTS       Warren Hastings 1772-1785 Became Governor of Bengal in 1772 and Governor General in 1773 through the Regulating Act. Abolished Dual system of Administration. Wrote introdcution to the first English translation of the Gita by Read More


Important Congress Session

IMPORTANT CONGRESS SESSION YEAR PLACE IMPORTANCE       1885 Bombay At Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit College, 72 delegates       1886 Calcutta 436 Delegates       Read More


INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS

INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS (FACTS TO REMEMBER) Founded in 1885 by AO Hume   Venus of the first session ----- Gokul Das Tejpal Sanskrit School of Bombay   First Vice President , WC Banerjee   First Women President , Annie Besant (1917 Calcutta)   First Indian Women Read More


Famous Cases

FAMOUS CASES : CASE DATE ACCUSED       NASIK CONSPIRACY 1909-1910 VINAYAK SAVARKAR       ALIPORE CASE 1908 AUROBINDO GHOSH       HAWRAH CASE 1910 Read More


Gupta Period (320-550) AD

GUPTA PERIOD: CHANRAGUPTA I (319-334 AD) Married Lichchhavi princess who stenghtened his position and enhanched Gupta's Prestige. He was the first Gupta ruler to acquire the title of Maharajdhira Chandragupta I was able to establish his authority ever Magadha, Prayaga and Saketa   SAMUDRAGUPTA (335-380 AD) He is called the Nepolean of India (by VA Smith) on account of his violence and conquest Meghavarn Read More


MAURYAN DYNASTY

MAURYAN DYNASTY : CHANDRAGUPTA MAURYA (322 - 297 BC) 1)  The first ruler who overthrew Dhananand of Nanda Dynasty with the help of Chanakya 2) He has been called Sandrocottus by Greek scholars 3) Chandragupta defeated Seleucus Nikator, the general of Alexander (305 BC), who later sent Megasthenese the author of 'Indica' to Chandra Gupta's Court as a ambassador. 4) Mudrarakshasa was written by Vishakdatta, d Read More


THE MUGHAL EMPIRE

Rule of Mughal Dynasty (1526-1858):     BABUR (1526-1530)   1. Founder of Mughal dynasty . His real name was Zahir-ud-din Muhammad    2. He laid the foundation of Mughal dynasty by defeating Ibrahim Lodhi  in the first battle of Panipat in 1526   3. Defeated Rana Sanga of Mewar in the Battle of Khanwa in 1527   4. In 1528 defeated another Rajuput ruler Medini R Read More


SIKH GURUS

SIKH GURUS : Guru Nanak (1469-1539) Founder of Sikh Religion     Guru Angad (1539-1552) Invented Gurumukhi     Guru Amardas (1552-1574) Struggled against sati system and purdah system and established 22 Gadiyans to propogate religion   Read More


JAINISM

JAINISM : 1) Rishabhanatha , the first Tirthankaras, was the founder of  Jainism 2)  There were 24 Tirthankaras 3) Parsavanath  was the 23rd Tirthankara. 4) The 24th and the last Tirthankaras was Vardhamana Mahavira . He was born at Kundagram 5) Mahavira was born to King Siddharth and Queen Trishala who was sister of a Lichchhavi prince Chetaka of  Vaisali whose daughter was wedded to Bimbisara Read More


BUDDHISM

BUDDHISM :   1)  Gautam Buddha was born in 563 BC at Lumbini (near Kapilvastu) in Nepal.   2)  Gautam Buddha belonged to the Sakya clan of Kshatriya.   3)  His father Suddhodana was the king of Kapilvastu.   4)  His mother name was Mahamaya. She belong to Kosala dynasty. She died after 7 days of his birth.   5)  Gautam Buddha was married t Read More





 

 

 

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